• Wakeford, Richard (2003) ‘Principles of student assessment’ in Fry, Heather et al. (eds.) A handbook for teaching and learning in higher education, enhancing academic practice, 2nd edition.
    As well as describing the range of assessment types and the key principles of reliable and valid assessment, this chapter includes case studies on assessment problems in university settings.
  • Haladyna, Thomas M. (2004) Developing and validating multiple choice test items, 3rd edition.
    This is quite a dry, rather technical, text on Multiple Choice Tests. The discussion of formats, the guidelines for developing multiple choice items, and the casebook of exemplary items are all very useful.
  • Stevens, Dannelle and Levi, Antonia (2005). Introduction to rubrics
    Grading rubrics are a simple and powerful tool for communicating to students and colleagues what it is you want students to be able to do at the end of a course. They also can make the grading process more valid and reliable. This short book explains what rubrics are, how they can be developed and provides examples from different disciplines including laboratory classes.

Ingrid Le Duc, EPFL (ingrid.leduc@epfl.ch)